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KRISHNA CHAUDHARY
(1922-1984)

photo
Smt. Krishna Chaudhary was born on Basant Panchami in 1922 in Burma. Her father came to Allahabad when she was very young. At first he served as Chief Judge in an Indian State and thereafter moved to Banda to practise as a lawyer. Smt. Krishna Chaudhary did her earlier education in Arya Kanya Pathshala, Banda and then her BA and LLB from Benaras Hindu University. She expired on 4th August, 1984.

 


VIRENDRA KUMAR SINGH CHAUDHARY


VKS Chaudhary was born on 02.09.1919 in a family of freedom fighters. His father was a reputed lawyer, a member of the former Legislative Council and then of the Legislative Assembly under the Government of India Act 1935. His uncle was General Secretary of the District Congress Committee for about 30 years and also a member of the All India Congress Committee.photo
Inspite of the desire of his Professors that he should join research (in Mathematics) and then join government service, he chose to join the profession of law on the advice of his father. He was enrolled as a pleader near the end of the year 1941 and as an advocate on 03.01.1943. During the quit India, and other movements, he earned a name by defending Congressmen and others, prosecuted under the Defence of India Rules and in some important cases under the Hindu and the Mohammedan Law. Having practiced at Banda for more than 8 years, he shifted to the High Court at Allahabad in July, 1950. Except for a short interlude of a year or so with the communist party in the last days of his student career and immediately thereafter few years with the Congress, he retired from politics. He was Advocate General of UP from 1991-1992 .

He has authored various commentaries on statute law and other legal subjects. He has also published some literary works in Hindi:
(i) Bite Samay Ki Pratidhwani (Four One-Act Plays) (priced at Rs 75/-) published by Sulabh Prakashan, Ashok Marg, Lucknow.
(ii) Vidhi Ke Darpan Main - Samayik aur Santan Prashna (a collection of general essays connected with law) (Price Rs 60/-) published by Raka Prakashan 40-A, Motilal Nehri Road, Allahabad-2.
(iii) "Muslim Vidhi - Ek Parichaya" (An examination of Muslim Law for non-professionals) ( Price Rs 50/-) published by Sahitya Sangam, New 100 Lukarganj, Allahabad - 211 001.
(iv) Kalchakra - Sabhyata Ki Kahani and (v) Kalchakra - Uttar katha (A story of ancient Civilisations and its aftermath in modern history) (Price 350/- and 200/-) published by Prabhat Prakashan, 4/19 Asaf Ali Road, Delhi 110 002.

In English, besides commentaries on certain Acts (including local Acts) and articles in law magazines, a collection of his essays on landmark judgments of the Supreme Court has been published under the caption.
"Ivory Tower: Fifty-one years of the Supreme Court".
The book details the achievements and failures of the Supreme Court of India and also sheds new light on national problems also.

 

PROFESSOR RAJENDRA SINGH
(1921
- 2003)
 

The following article is an excerpt from the book 'A Lawyer's World and Childhood Dreams' 

RAJJU BHAIYA AS I KNOW HIM
Rajju Bhaiya is not related to us, yet we lived with him for five years till my father constructed his own house adjacent to his. He would often go out but whenever in Allahabad he would walk down every morning to our house to read newspapers and then often in the evening to spend time with us. He would talk, inspire and inculcate self-respect. This went on till the mid 60’s when he left Allahabad.

Prof. Rajendra Singh or Rajju Bhaiya as he is known, is Sar-Sangh Chalak of Rashtriya Swayam Sewak Sangh; RSS Chief in common perception, a friend, philosopher and guide in reality. What kind of a person is he? What kind of vision has he of India? It is difficult for me to judge him. I can not, but be, subjective. You can judge him better. But let me share my childhood memories of him.

Rajju Bhaiya’s father Balbir Singh hailed from village Barnail in district Bulandshahr. He was good in mathematics. His teacher thought that he should opt for engineering. That is how he landed up in Roorkee Engineering College, the best in those days; sometime in 1915. He set up new records. He was a gold medalist in studies and was the athletic champion. A record equalled only once since then.

Balbir Singh retired as the first Indian Chief Engineer (Irrigation). He was married to Jwala Devi, ‘jiyaji’ as we fondly remember her. He had five children. Rajju Bhaiya was the middle one, sandwiched between two elder sisters and two younger brothers.

Rajju Bhaiya was born on 29th January 1921 and after a brief stint at Modern School, Delhi was sent to St. Joseph Nainital for his schooling. He came to Allahabad University in 1939 for his university education. He secured 5th position in his BSc and 2nd in M.Sc (Physics).

He joined RSS in 1942 while doing his post graduation. There was a chance that he may have chosen another line. Sir CV Raman was his examiner in MSc finals for theory as well as practical. He had examined his copies and taken his viva-voce. Raman wanted to take him to Bangalore. But Prof. KS Krishnan, the then head refused. Homi Bhabha had taken Harishchandra the person who had topped in that batch. Prof. Krishnan wanted some one to stay in Allahabad. Rajju Bhaiya Joined Physics Department of the Allahabad University and is rated to be the finest teacher to have ever walked on the corridors of the university.

Rajju Bhaiya often talks about Harishchandra and says he would have got Noble prize if there were one in Mathematics. May be. But if Rajju Bhaiya had gone with Raman then second Indian would have got Noble prize in physics much earlier.

I remember 1964, the time when Tokyo Olympics were being held. He was reading a newspaper. He says, ‘Have you noticed the timing of 100 meters and 4 x 100 meter relay race?’ ‘I had seen but I read it again.  The timing for 100 meters was about 10 seconds and 4 x 100-meter relay was about 38 second. How was it possible? How could 4 people take less than 10 seconds to run 100 metres when the fastest man took more than 10 second. I thought it must have been printing mistake. I checked other newspapers. But they had printed the same thing. Then he explained to me the catch. Most of the time is taken from the start of the race till the maximum speed is attained i.e. in the first 15 metres. In the relay race baton is exchanged only when the person has run 15 metre and has attained his maximum speed. This is how the time is saved.

Rajju Bhaiya used to play squash and tennis in his University years. But in later years, he would talk about tennis. There used to be Central Indian Lawn Tennis Championship in Allahabad in those days. Roy Emerson, Fred Stolle, Martin, Muligan, Bob Hewitt, Ion Tiriac, Nastase and the Indian players Ramanathan Krishnan and Vijai Amritraj have played here. Sometimes, he would be there to see the matches. In one of the matches where Nastase was playing, he asked me, ‘Why does Nastase use so much of top spin.’ I answered, ‘Consistency. The ball is able to clear the net then it drops.’ But why it is so? Then he went on to explain Bernoulli’s principle to me. The air pressure at the top was higher than at the bottom, due to topspin. This is the reason for dropping of the ball.  He would also explain that the Bernoulli’s principle is the reason why a cricket ball swings or football swerves or the aeroplanes fly.

He would often ask questions; puzzles. One of the puzzles, which I still remember, goes like this. There are 12 balls. All of them have the same shape and 11 of them have same mass/weight. One of them is either heavier or lighter. One has to find out the faulty one with the help of a physical balance by weighing the balls only three times.[1]

He still has that temperament. Sometime back there was a talk; statues of ‘Ganeshji’ were drinking of milk. Rajju Bhaiya was in Allahabad on that date. Many came and told him about this and wondered if it was something supernatural. To all he would answer, it is not supernatural, but the reason is scientific; surface tension. He would add, ‘I don’t think that God can be so cruel as to drink milk in a country where crores of children go to sleep without getting a drop of it.[2]

He is considerate and understands the problems well. Once his train was reaching late in the night. He chose to spend the night at the station than to inconvenience anyone.

Rajju Bhaiya is not a public speaker or orator. Normally he speaks before RSS volunteers though sometimes the public attends his meetings. He is clear, precise and to the point. His manner of speech makes him one of the finest speakers in Hindi. He does not speak in English. But when he went to USA in 1982 to address a conference there, he was supposed to speak in English. Which he did. When he finished his speech it was a unanimous opinion that his speech was the finest that they had ever heard.

Sometime back I was sad I had to kill my dogs.[3] They were suffering from incurable disease. He told me, ‘Don’t grieve. It was best for them. Life is meant to be given to others and not to be taken from others. Self-pity is not a virtue.

This would come back again. Few years ago physics department of the University of Allahabad had organised a function to bid farewell to Dr. Murli Manohar Joshi on his 60th birthday. Rajju Bhaiya was there.  (May you live for hundred years) is the usual blessings. Many said that. But this is what he said, ‘I don’t bless for a life of hundred years. It may not be fruitful. But let every second of your life be fruitful; be in service of others; be for the country.’

What is his philosophy? What has governed his life? Tape recorders were a novelty in our childhood. We had purchased one and were recording our favourite songs/ poems. Rajju Bhaiya was also there. We requested him to say some thing. He recited, a poem, a GEET; the one closest to his heart: the one which has governed his life: the one he has lived by: the one he would like all of us to follow. Here it is. This is how it goes: - 

[1] You may think it is impossible, but it can be solved. You take eight balls. Keep four on each of the scales. If they are equal then it is quite easy. If they are not then the second weighing is crucial. You take out two from one side and one from the other. Keep one good ball in the side from where two balls have been taken and interchange one ball, then weigh. Thereafter it is easy to figure out.

[2] Many prominent persons, Science teachers were at that time saying that it is supernatural. Many were disappointed when Rajju Bhaiya gave that answer.   

[3]  Kindly see the article Euthanasia.


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